Climate Change and Energy Efficiency in the Jordanian Water Sector

The IEE Programme as part of the International Climate Initiative

The German Government has set itself ambitious targets for climate protection. Firstly, to reduce its greenhouse gar emission by 40 percent by 2020 compared with 1990. Secondly, to facilitate an international post-2012 climate agreement with the help of the International Climate Initiative.

In 2007 the German Bundestag adopted the Federal Government’s Integrated Energy and Climate Programme. Under this Programme, a portion of the revenue from auctioning emissions trading allowances is allocated to the budget of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Ministry uses it to finance the National Climate Initiative and International Climate Initiative (ICI). With this unique and innovative financing mechanism, the German Government is able to access additional funds for global climate change mitigation like the IEE Programme in Jordan. This approach complements the German Government’s existing development cooperation in Jordan. ICI’s funds are eligible as Official Development Assistance (ODA).

Climate Change in Jordan

In Jordan it is no longer appropriate to assume that past climatic and hydrological conditions will continue into the future. Jordan, like other semi-arid and arid areas, is particularly exposed to the impacts of climate change on natural resources and will suffer a decrease in water resources due to climate change. For the future it can be expected that Jordan will experience an increase in mean temperatures, a drop in water-run-off, a decline in precipitation, an increase in seasonal variability and an increase in both water and energy demand. Therefore water and energy resources are of particular importance and were identified as key sectors in Jordan to strategically channel efforts and means with regard to climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.

For Jordan climate change is a threat multiplier that is likely to increase existing vulnerability to current climatic and non-climate stresses. Without additional efforts projected climate-induced scarcity will negatively impact developments in the water and energy sector, which are both determining factors in sustainable development.

The objective is set: achieving a de-coupling of economic development and GHG emissions

The correlation between economic growth, population growth and GHG emissions are of particular importanance with regard to climate change. In order to limit the negative effects of global warming, the objective has to be to “decouple” economic growth from greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and therefore from economic development and energy consumption.

The IEE Programme: Building a climate-friendly and resource efficient economy

A substantial and sustainable reduction of overall and specific energy consumption in the water sector will constitute an effective impact on the environment and will positively support Jordan’s efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change. Energy efficiency measures are a highly effective intervention in terms of unit abatement costs (costs per ton of reduced GHG emission) and therefore reducing electricity consumption makes a most significant contribution to climate change mitigation in Jordan. The energy savings in the water sector will reduce Jordan’s need of importing primary energy in form of petroleum and natural gas from neighboring countries and will relieve pressure on investments for the renovation and expansion of power generating facilities in the country. Also the development and piloting of innovative approaches and new technologies is supporting our Jordanian partner institutions (WAJ, MWI) to achieve important steps towards a resource efficient and ecologically sustainable approach in the water sector. Only by enabling sustainable low carbon economic growth Jordan will be able to overcome barriers to development and assure stability and prosperity for its population in the long run. One pillar for such a development are energy efficiency measures. But under the business-as-usual scenario their influence on energy demand continues to remain marginal. The IEE Programme can therefore initiate the right incentives to support not mandatory but existing policies and strategies and implement measures on the ground in order to provide the base for sustainable and low carbon emission growth in the country. Thereby the IEE Programme will help to shift the focus from purely supply based efforts to the demand side.

With regard to climate change the IEE Programme is:

  • reducing GHG emissions,
  • reducing dependency on fossil fuels,
  • is increasing energy security by decreasing stress on the local energy production sector,
  • is increasing the reliability of pumping infrastructure,
  • is  creating green jobs by creating business opportunities for local companies and
  • is ultimately supporting efforts to combat poverty.

Therefore energy efficiency in the Water Sector in Jordan is an important step in the direction of green growth and a more resource efficient economy. These results are helping our Jordanian partners to create the sustainable, low carbon economy of the future.

 Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit Development Coooperation: Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan -  Feredal Republik of Germany Germany's Clilmate Initiative - Climate protection pays off! Jordan Water Authority Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH